EU HR Javier Solana visited Darfur
The European Union established an EU civilian-military action to support the African Union's enhanced Mission to Sudan / Darfur, AMIS, at the request of the African Union (AU), on 18 July 2005 (Council Joint Action 2005/557/CFSP, OJ L 188, 20.07.2005).
The mandate for this supporting action by the EU came to an end on 31 December 2007 when AMIS handed over to the African Union / United Nations hybrid operation in Darfur (UNAMID).
The purpose of the EU's supporting action was to ensure effective and timely EU assistance to the AU's enhanced AMIS II mission. In providing this support, the EU upheld the principle of African ownership and backed the AU and its political, military and police efforts aimed at addressing the crisis in the Darfur region of Sudan.
The EU supporting action comprised both a civilian and a military component. It made available equipment and assets, provided planning and technical assistance and sent out military observers. It trained African troops, helped with tactical and strategic transportation and provided police assistance and training. During the two-and-a-half year mandate, several dozen military and civilian personnel were deployed from the EU.