On 14 November 2005, the Council established an EU Police Mission in the Palestinian Territories (EUPOL COPPS) under the EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). On 25 June 2012, the Council of the EU decided to extend the mission's mandate until 30 June 2013.
Kenneth Deane took office as the Head of the EUPOL COPPS mission on 1 July 2012. He succeeds Henrik Malmquist , Paul Robert Kernaghan and Colin Smith.
The EU Police Mission for the Palestinian Territories, code-named EUPOL COPPS, has a long term reform focus and provides enhanced support to the Palestinian Authority (PA) in establishing sustainable and effective policing arrangements.
On 26 April 2010, the Council welcomed the work carried out by EUPOL COPPS in the establishment of sustainable and effective policing arrangements and in the criminal justice sector. The Council looked forward to initiatives aimed at enhancing the mission's impact and contribution to the capacity building of the PA and to this end encouraged the further strengthening of the mission's action at the strategic, operational and field level in close cooperation with Palestinian counterparts and other stakeholders.